A Dnc Surgery is sometimes referred to as a Dilatation and Curettage. This type of surgical procedure is often required when a woman has suffered a miscarriage; or has a condition such as endometriosis. Sometimes women have hormonal issues that cause an overgrowth in the lining of the uterus and doctors often require this type of procedure to assist in controlling abnormal bleeding or bleeding between periods. Following a miscarriage sometimes the products of conception are retained inside the mother and thus the procedure becomes a necessity.
The Dnc surgery is often performed under general anesthesia and on an outpatient basis. A woman is usually prepped for the surgery early of a morning. The actual Dnc surgery procedure is carried out similar to a pap smear that a woman gets on a yearly basis.
The cervix is dilated first using an instrument designed for that purpose. Once the cervix is dilated then a tool called the curette is used to scrape the lining and or contents of the uterus. The tissue obtained during the procedure is sent to the lab for diagnosis. The patient is asleep during the procedure and does not feel any pain or pressure.
Once the procedure has been completed the patient is returned to her room to rest. Most women are advised not to have sexual intercourse or use tampons for fear that bacteria may find its way inside the woman’s uterus. Instead they are advised to wear a sanitary napkin in order to keep themselves clean. Women are advised to check with their doctor if they notice any symptoms such as a foul odor or abnormal discharge following the procedure.
Complications are not usually that severe afterward. Some women do experience a few side effects such as some light bleeding or cramping following the surgery. There is always a risk with any procedure of this nature. There is a possibility that infection may set in after the procedure. Most women are advised to take an over the counter pain medication such as acetaminophen following the surgery.
The number of these procedures has declined over the years due to the development of more modern technology and other less invasive diagnostic tools. Physicians are better able to see what is going on inside a woman’s body without having to surgically take a peek. When modern methods fail a Dilatation and Curettage can be one of the best ways to evaluate a woman’s reproductive health.
With today’s technology most Dnc surgery is carried out on an outpatient basis with minimal risk to the patient and a short recovery time. Most patients are able to leave the hospital that same day and follow up with their doctor in a couple of weeks.
All specimens are sent to the laboratory for a thorough evaluation and the physician is notified of any findings on a timely basis. Once the woman returns to her physician’s office for a follow up appointment she will be made aware of the results of the surgery. If the doctor has any further recommendations they will be address during the follow up visit.